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Alkalinity (Carbonate hardness) in Ponds

Alkalinity (Carbonate hardness) in Ponds

Alkalinity, often referred to as "carbonate hardness," or German carbonate hardness, is the measure of carbonate and bicarbonate... (click on image for more details)
Ammonia in Ponds

Ammonia in Ponds

Where does the ammonia originate from? Pond fish produce waste in the form of ammonia, which is released into the water through the gills. ... (click on image for more details)
Chlorine in Ponds

Chlorine in Ponds

Acceptable concentration 0A gas widely used in the disinfection of water and as an oxidizing agent for organic matter, manganese, iron, and... (click on image for more details)
Green Water (Algae) in Ponds

Green Water (Algae) in Ponds

Sometimes referred to as an algae bloom, Another factor which can influence the pH of the water is the presence of plants, most notably if... (click on image for more details)
Nitrate in Ponds

Nitrate in Ponds

Nitrate, NO3-N, Nitrate is the final product from the breakdown of ammonia released by the fish. Nitrate is not especially harmful to... (click on image for more details)
Nitrite in Ponds

Nitrite in Ponds

As the ammonia in the water begins to reduce, the secondary break down product, nitrite will begin to increase and this is also very poisonous... (click on image for more details)
pH in Ponds

pH in Ponds

The pH is in all respects a measure of acidity and alkalinity, pH 0 - 6.99 is acid; pH 7.0 is regarded as neutral and pH 7.01 - 14.0 is... (click on image for more details)
Salinity in Ponds

Salinity in Ponds

Common salt, Sodium Chloride (NaCl) is commonly used in the health care and maintenance of fishes especially Koi. Salt is useful in treating... (click on image for more details)
Water change outs in Ponds

Water change outs in Ponds

Partial water change outs can reduce the amount of anything dissolved in the water but not totally remove it. Although it is sometimes... (click on image for more details)
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